United Kingdom

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General Information

 

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland  

Location

Located off the north-western coast of continental Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands.

Border countries

The Republic of Ireland, apart from this land border the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channeland the Irish Sea.

Area

243,610 km2

Population

61.7 million

Capital

London

Official language

English

Administrative division

Each country of the United Kingdom has its own system of administrative and geographic demarcation, which often has origins that pre-date the formation of the United Kingdom itself.

Political system

Constitutional monarchy

Monarch

Elizabeth II

Prime minister

David Cameron

Parliament

The parliament of the United Kingdom that meets in the Palace of Westminster has two houses: an elected House of Commons and an appointed House of Lords.

Currency

Pound sterling (GBP)

Time

GMT (UTC+0)

Calling code

44

Internet TLD

.uk

Electricity

230 V

Religion

Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1%

Ethnic groups

English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, other 1.6%

International organisations

  • Member of the European Union;
  • The Council of Europe;
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO);
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development;
  • United nations and many others.

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Source: www.wikipedia.org
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