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  • Portuguese culture is closely related to Spanish culture and has been influenced by the three primary cultures from which it derives: the Latin, the Visigoth, and the Muslim.
  • Portuguese literature has developed since the 12th century from the lyrical works of João Soares de Paiva and Paio Soares de Taveirós. Following chroniclers such as Fernão Lopes after the 14th century. Portuguese modernism is found in the works of Fernando Pessoa.  José Saramago received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1998.
  • The world’s largest outdoor gallery of prehistoric stone art is found close to Lamego in Côa Valley.
  • Vasco da Gama, the man who discovered the sea route to India, was Portuguese. Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer who was financed by Spain, was the first to complete a circumnavigation of the world. He set the record in the year 1522.
  • The Vasco de Gama bridge is the longest bridge in Europe, spanning 17.2 km (10.7 miles.) The bridge was opened in 1998.
  • Football is the most popular and practiced sport in Portugal. Football started to become well known in Portugal in the final decades of the 19th century, brought by Portuguese students who returned from England. Other than football, many other professional and well organized sport competitions take place every season in Portugal, including basketball, swimming, athletics, tennis, gymnastics, futsal, team handball and volleyball among the hundreds of sports played in this country.
  • Portuguese cuisine is characterised by rich, filling and full-flavored dishes and is closely related to Mediterranean cuisine.
  • The world-famous Port wine (also known as "Porto"), a sweet Portuguese fortified wine from the Douro Valley, has been imitated in several countries - notably Australia, South Africa, India and the United States.
    Source: www.wikipedia.org