Lithuania

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General Information

 

The Republic of Lithuania  

Location

Baltic region, Northern Europe

Border countries

Latvia, Belarus, Poland, a Russian exclave (Kaliningrad Oblast)

Area

65 000 km²

Population

3.3 million

Capital

Vilnius

Official language

Lithuanian

Administrative division

10 counties

Political system

Parliamentary republic

President

Dalia Grybauskaitė

Prime Minister

Algirdas Butkevičius

Parliament

The Seimas (Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas) is the unicameral Lithuanian parliament. It has 141 members that are elected for a four-year term.

Currency

Lithuanian litas

Time

UTC+2

Calling code

370

Internet TLD

.lt

Electricity

220V / 50 Hz

Religion

Roman Catholicism (about 80%), there are also other religions – Orthodox believers, Evangelic-Lutherans, Evangelic-Reformers, Old Believers, Jews, Sunita Muslims, Karaims, and others.

Nationalities

83.9% Lithuanians, 6.6% Poles, 5.4% Russians, 1.3% Belarusians, 3.8% others and unspecified

International organisations

  • Member of the United Nations and a number of its specialised agencies (UN High Commissioner for Refugees, International Labour Organisation, UNESCO, World Health Organisation, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and International Monetary Fund);
  • The Council of Europe;
  • The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe
  • Full member of the International Organisation for Migration
  • Member of the World Trade Organisation;
  • The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development;
  • In April 2004, the country joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation;
  • In 1995, Lithuania applied to join the European Union (EU) and entered into negotiations for full EU membership in February 2000. In May 2004, Lithuania and nine other countries joined the EU as full members.

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Source: www.wikipedia.org
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