Ireland

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General Information

 

The Republic of Ireland  

Location

Ireland is an island in the northwest of continental Europe

Border countries

To its east is the larger island of Great Britain, from which it is separated by the Irish Sea. The AtlanticOceanis to the west, the CelticSeais to the south and the Irish Sea is to the east.

Area

84,421 km2

Population

6.4 million

Capital

Dublin

Official language

Irish, English

Administrative division

Politically, the island isdivided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers just under five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom.  Ireland is subdivided into four provinces: Connacht (west), Leinster (east), Munster (south), and Ulster (north). Ireland has thirty-two traditional counties.

Political system

Constitutional republic

President

Michael D. Higgins

Prime minister

Brian Cowen

Parliament

The Oireachtasis a bicameral national parliament composed of the President of Ireland and the two Houses of the Oireachtas: Seanad Éireann (Senate) and Dáil Éireann (House of Representatives).

Currency

Euro (EUR)

Time

WET (UTC+0)

Calling code

353

Internet TLD

.ie

Electricity

230 V

Religion

Roman Catholic 88.4%, Church of Ireland 3%, other Christian 1.6%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2%, none 3.5%

Ethnic groups

Irish 87.4%, other white 7.5%, Asian 1.3%, black 1.1%, mixed 1.1%, unspecified 1.6%

International organisations

  • Member of the European Union;
  • NATO;
  • The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE);
  • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and others.

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Source: www.wikipedia.org
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